The Adjective

An adjective is a part of speech in English that indicates the feature of an object and answers the question what? (which?). Adjectives can indicate a feature, quality or property of objects. A grammatical feature of adjectives in the English language is that they do not change in number, gender and case. Examples of adjectives: big, small, blue, old, etc. They give us more information about people, animals or things. According to the meaning, adjectives of the English language are divided into qualitative, quantitative, possessive, indicative and interrogative.

Adjectives of Quality

These are adjectives that indicate the characteristics and qualities of objects, for example, size, color, weight. In turn, they are divided into: qualitative (convey the features of the subject and can form degrees of comparison) and relative adjectives (which indicate belonging, relation to place, time, etc. and do not have degrees of comparison).

Quantitative Adjectives or Numeral Adjectives

These are adjectives that indicate the exact number of persons or objects indicated by a noun or pronoun.

Possessive Adjectives

A possessive adjective comes before a noun (or pronoun) to show who or what it belongs to (my, your, his, her, its, our, their, and whose)

Demonstrative Adjectives

These are special adjectives or determiners used to define or express the relative position of a noun in time or space. A demonstrative adjective precedes nouns (this, that, these, and those).

Interrogative Adjectives

It is an adjective that stands before a noun when asking a question. Interrogative adjectives in English are – what, which, whose.

Adjectives are divided according to the method of creation

Simple Derivative Complicated
Do not have suffixes and prefixes They have a suffix and/or a prefix Consist of two or more roots
happy, fine, rude, good useful, unreasonable, helpful alcohol-free, well-known, light-green

Adjectives are very often used for comparison. For this, certain rules of creation and use of degrees of comparison of adjectives are used.

Degrees of comparison

Ordinary degree Higher degree The highest degree
Formation of degrees of comparison of monosyllabic adjectives and two-syllable adjectives ending in -у, -е, -er, -ow
adjective adjective + -еr the + adjective + -est
long longer the longest
Formation of degrees of comparison of polysyllabic and most two-syllable adjectives
adjective more + adjective the most + adjective
wonderful more wonderful the most wonderful

Degrees of comparison of adjectives that are exceptions

Ordinary degree Higher degree The highest degree
good, well better best
bad, badly worse worst
many, much more most
little less least
far farther farthest
far further furthest
old older oldest


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