Past Simple – simple (indefinite) past tense in English. Usually used in a narrative to describe events in the past, although it also has some other uses. Regular English verbs form the simple past tense by adding -ed, but there are several hundred irregular verbs that use the second form from the irregular verb table.
|Last week (month, year, etc.)|
Five minutes ago, two days ago
In my childhood
When I was (at school, at university, a child, etc.)
|Action took place in the past, mostly connected with an expression of time (no connection to the present)|
Long or short finished actions and states in the past
Consecutive actions in the past
infinitive + ed
(2nd column of table of irregular verbs)
The general scheme of using the Past Simple on the example of the regular verb – work
|I/He/She/It/ You/We/They worked||I/He/She/It/ You/We/They|
did not work
|Did I/He/She/It/ You/We/They work?|
The general scheme of using the Past Simple using the example of an irregular verb – to go
Since this is an irregular verb, turning to the table we get:
|INFINITIVE||PAST SIMPLE||PAST PARTICIPLE|
Then, according to the scheme, we will get:
|I/He/She/It/ You/We/They went||I/He/She/It/ You/We/They|
did not go
|Did I/He/She/It/ You/We/They go?|
As you noticed, when using “did“, the verb is used in the first form.
For convenience, you can use the abbreviated form:
did not – dіdn’t
It is important to know:
- verbs ending in a consonant + -y, change the y to -ie (I study – I studied)
- verbs ending in -e or -ee only add -d (You like – You liked).
- monosyllabic verbs ending in 1 vowel + 1 consonant (but not x, w, y) double the final consonant (We stop – We stopped).