Future Perfect in English
Future Perfect (Future Perfect Tense) is a tense used to express events that will be completed by a certain point in the future. It allows you to combine the future and the perfection of events. The main form of the future perfect tense consists of the auxiliary verb “will have” and the third form of the verb (V3).
- By this time next year, I will have graduated from university
- She will have finished the project before the deadline
Using the Future Perfect
- An indication of the completion of an event by a certain point in the future:
- By the time he arrives, we will have prepared dinner
- Expressing the expected completion of an event in the future:
- I will have read that book by the end of the week
- Indication of the amount of time until the upcoming event:
- In two hours, she will have finished her presentation
The negative and interrogative forms of the future perfect tense are constructed using the auxiliary verbs “will” and “have“, adding “not” for the negative form and moving the auxiliary verb to the beginning for the interrogative form.
Future Perfect forms
Positive Form: Subject + will have + V3 (third form of the verb)
- I will have completed my assignment
- They will have arrived by noon
Negative Form: Subject + will not (won’t) have + V3
- She will not (won’t) have finished the report
- We will not (won’t) have seen the movie before it starts
Question Form: Will + subject + have + V3?
- Will you have completed the task by tomorrow?
- Will they have arrived on time?
The future perfect tense reflects the understanding of the sequence of events and the completion of certain actions in the future. It allows you to consider future events from the perspective of their completion by a certain point in time.
Test on the topic: Future Perfect
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