Discussing about technology in English

Modern technology. Words in English

Writing About Technology in English – An Exercise

Technologies have undoubtedly become an integral part of our lives. Each year, they evolve and impact various spheres of human activity. However, with the rapid expansion of technologies, there is also a need to understand the fundamental terms and concepts they entail. In this article, we will explore some key terms related to technology. From artificial intelligence to entertainment and possibilities, we will uncover the meanings of these words and provide examples of their use in the modern world. After familiarizing yourself with the new vocabulary, complete the exercise by reading the text, an essay on the topic: “How Far Have Technologies Come?”, and write in the missing words in the passage.

Also, check out the article: How to learn English with ChatGPT?

Technology Vocabulary

Artificial Intelligence (AI):

  • Transcription: /ˌɑːr.tɪˈfɪʃ.əl ɪnˈtel.ɪ.dʒəns/
  • Explanation: Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science that deals with creating systems capable of performing tasks that typically require human intelligence.
  • Example sentence: Many companies are investing in artificial intelligence to improve their products and services.

Internet of Things (IoT):

  • Transcription: /ˈɪn.tər.net ʌv θɪŋz/
  • Explanation: The Internet of Things refers to a network of physical devices that are connected and exchange data over the internet to automate various aspects of our lives.
  • Example sentence: IoT allows us to control our home appliances remotely using our smartphones.


  • Transcription: /ˌbaɪ.oʊˌtekˈnɑː.lə.dʒi/
  • Explanation: Biotechnology is the field of science that utilizes living organisms or their components to solve problems and create useful products.
  • Example sentence: Biotechnology has led to significant advancements in medicine, agriculture, and environmental science.

Augmented Reality (AR):

  • Transcription: /ˈɔː.ɡjə.men.tɪd riˈæl.ɪ.ti/
  • Explanation: Augmented reality is a technology that overlays virtual objects and information onto the user’s real-world environment through a camera or other sensors.
  • Example sentence: Augmented reality apps overlay digital information, such as directions or product details, onto the user’s view of the real world.

Virtual Reality (VR):

  • Transcription: /ˈvɜː.tʃu.əl riˈæl.ɪ.ti/
  • Explanation: Virtual reality is a technology that creates a simulated environment that users can interact with using specialized equipment like VR headsets.
  • Example sentence: Virtual reality gaming provides an immersive experience where players feel like they are inside the game world.


  • Transcription: /ədˈvɑːnsmənts/
  • Explanation: Progress or improvements made in a particular field or area.
  • Example sentence: Technological advancements have made communication easier than ever before.


  • Transcription: /ˌɪnəˈveɪʃən/
  • Explanation: The introduction of new ideas, products, or processes.
  • Example sentence: The company is known for its constant innovation in the field of electronics.


  • Transcription: /riːˈʃeɪpɪŋ/
  • Explanation: To change the shape or structure of something.
  • Example sentence: Technological advancements are reshaping the way we live and work.


  • Transcription: /sɪɡˈnɪfɪkənt/
  • Explanation: Important or of considerable amount or effect.
  • Example: The new discovery could have a significant impact on the field of medicine.


  • Transcription: /ɔːtəˈmeɪʃən/
  • Explanation: The use of machines or programs to operate processes without human assistance.
  • Example: Automation has led to increased efficiency in manufacturing processes.


  • Transcription: /ɪˈmɜːrsɪv/
  • Explanation: Providing an experience that deeply engages or absorbs the user in an environment.
  • Example: Virtual reality provides an immersive experience where users feel like they are part of the digital world.


  • Transcription: /ɪntərˈækt/
  • Explanation: To act in a mutual way or exchange actions with someone or something.
  • Example: Children learn best when they can interact with their environment.


  • Transcription: /ədˈvæntɪdʒɪz/
  • Explanation: Benefits or favorable circumstances.
  • Example: One of the advantages of online shopping is convenience.


  • Transcription: /ˈɪnəˌveɪtɪv/
  • Explanation: Featuring new methods or introducing new ideas.
  • Example: The company is known for its innovative approach to product design.


  • Transcription: /ˌiːvəˈluːʃən/
  • Explanation: The gradual development or advancement over time.
  • Example: The evolution of technology has transformed many aspects of our lives.


  • Transcription: /ˌɒpəˈtjuːnɪtiz/
  • Explanation: Circumstances that make it possible to do something or achieve a goal.
  • Example: Moving to a new city opened up many opportunities for her career growth.


  • Transcription: /ˌæplɪˈkeɪʃənz/
  • Explanation: Software programs designed to perform specific tasks on a computer or mobile device.
  • Example: There are various applications available for photo editing on smartphones.


  • Transcription: /ˌɛntəˈteɪnmənt/
  • Explanation: Pleasurable activities that allow people to have fun and get enjoyment.
  • Example: We went to the amusement park for some entertainment on the weekend.


  • Transcription: /ˌpɒsəˈbɪlɪtiz/
  • Explanation: Potential situations or circumstances that may occur or be achieved.
  • Example: Exploring different career paths opens up a world of possibilities for your future.

Exercise: How Far Have Technologies Come?

Read the passage and write the missing words in the sentences using the following list:  Virtual reality, Internet of Things, entertainment, advancements, innovation, opportunities,  artificial intelligence, applications, possibilities, reshaping.

How Far Have Technologies Come?

In a world where each day brings new 1) , technology has become the heart of our existence. With rapid change and constant 2) , modern technologies are transforming our lives and 3) the world around us.
One of the most impressive innovations is 4) (AI). The ability of machines to learn, analyze data, and make decisions makes AI incredibly valuable in various fields, from medicine to finance. For example, it assists doctors in diagnosing diseases, forecasting weather, and improving autopilots in aircraft.
Biotechnology is another revolutionary field impacting our lives. We already see successful 5) of biotechnologies in medicine, such as cloning, gene therapy, and organ manufacturing using 3D printers.
The 6) opens new 7) for connecting various devices to the internet. From "smart" homes with automated security systems to "smart" cars with automatic driving systems, IoT is changing our environment and the way we interact with technology.
Even in the realm of 8) , technologies are not left behind. 9) (VR) and augmented reality (AR) are already used in games, educational programs, and the arts, creating entirely new 10)  for interactive experiences.
With these and other technological innovations, we are experiencing an incredible period of change. This is a time when each of us can become part of this evolution, using technologies to create a better and more innovative world.

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