The following pronouns are often used in English: some, any, no, every. Therefore, it is important to know the rules of their use and how they can change.For this, let’s consider the table.
|Indefinite pronouns||Their derivatives||Adverbs|
Some is used in affirmative sentences:
- with plural countable nouns
- There are some letters for you, Mr. Smith
- with singular countable nouns
- I am looking for some gala dress
- with uncountable nouns
- Give me some juice, please
Some is used in special questions, as well as in questions that express a request or offer
- Would you like some coffee?
Any is used in affirmative sentences
- You can take any book you like
In negative and interrogative sentences:
- Are there any apples in the fridge?
In conditional subjunctive sentences:
- If you have any time, let me know
The pronouns some and any are often not translated when used with plural and uncountable nouns.
In negative sentences:
- I have no idea what you are talking about
In English, let’s assume only one negation in a sentence:
- I have nо debt of any kind
Every is used in the sense “Every one of”:
- Every one of you must be ready for tomorrow
Used to indicate time:
- I go to school every day
Derivatives “every” are used in all types of sentences. The rules described above are applicable to all derivatives of some, any, evety, no.