Past Perfect tense is a verb tense used to describe an action that was completed before another action or a specific point in the past. It is formed with the help of the auxiliary verb “had“, followed by the third form of the verb (for regular verbs ending in “-ed“.). participle of the main verb.
In terms of structure, the past perfect tense follows this pattern: Subject + had + past participle (or “-ed”)
- She had already finished her homework before dinner.
- They had traveled to Paris last year.
- I had lived in that house for five years.
The past perfect tense is often used to show the sequence of events in the past and to emphasize that one action happened before another action. It helps to establish a clear timeline and create a sense of past continuity. The time of the action described by the past perfect tense is earlier than the time being discussed or referenced in the sentence.
It is important to note that the past perfect tense is typically used in conjunction with another past tense, such as the simple past tense, to establish the relationship between two past actions or events.
- By the time I arrived, they had already left.
In this example, the past perfect tense “had already left” indicates that the action of leaving occurred before the action of arriving.
Overall, the past perfect tense is a useful grammatical tool for describing the past in a structured and chronological manner, highlighting the order of events.