Infinitive and Gerund in English. A test of 30 questions

infinitive and gerund in English

Infinitive and Gerund in English

The infinitive in English is the basic form of a verb that does not change in tense, person or number. Often used with the particle “to“, for example “to run”, “to eat”, “to think”, but can also be used without it after some verbs, adjectives and other parts of speech.

Gerund in English is a noun formed from a verb by adding “-ing“. It is used to express actions or states occurring simultaneously with the actions described in the sentence. For example, “Reading helps to expand knowledge” – here “reading” is a gerund, a form of the verb “read”, acting as the subject of the sentence.

Infinitive in English

The infinitive is one of the main verb forms in the English language. It is the base form of verbs and is used to convey an action or state that does not depend on a specific person or number. The infinitive can be used as an independent form, as well as in combination with other verbs, adjectives and nouns. Let’s take a closer look at examples of its use.

Examples of using the infinitive:

  1. Infinitive as an independent form:
    • To swim
    • To read
    • To eat
  2. Infinitive in conjunction with verbs:
    • I want to learn English
    • She decided to quit her job
    • They need to buy groceries
  3. Infinitive in combination with adjectives:
    • It’s important to study regularly
    • She was excited to meet her favorite singer
  4. Infinitive in combination with nouns:
    • He has a desire to travel the world
    • She made an attempt to solve the puzzle

Gerund in English

The gerund is one form of verb in English that is used as a noun. It is formed by adding the ending -ing to the base of the verb. The gerund can perform the role of subject, object, circumstance, and other roles in a sentence. Let’s look at examples of the use of the gerund.

Examples of the use of the gerund:

  1. Gerund as subject:
    • Swimming is good for your health
    • Singing brings me joy
  2. Gerund as an adjunct:
    • She enjoys reading books
    • They don’t mind watching movies at home
  3. Gerund as a condition:
    • He left without saying goodbye.
    • She achieved success by working hard.
  4. Gerund as other roles:
    • I need help with cleaning the house
    • They are interested in learning new languages

Gerund/Infinitive | A test of 30 questions

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infinitive and gerund in English

Practice. Infinitive, gerund

There were _____ people at the party! There was nowhere to dance

They refuse _____ out on trips if it’s too hot

I’ll help you. What _____ me to do? Could you do the washing-up while I am doing the cooking?

My family is trying _____ where to go on holiday

A present! For me? You’re _____ kind!

I enjoy _____ places I’ve never been to before

What _____ to do? I’m looking for my contact lens. Can you see it?

What _____ to do tonight? What about going out for a meal?

When I was young, I _____ ice-skating

Jane and Pete are _____ nice people! But I can’t stand their kids

But my children hate _____.

I went to the shops _____ some shoes

Last year we managed _____ a holiday that suited everyone

Their house is _____ mess! I don’t know how they live in it

I’m _____ hungry. I could eat a horse

What _____ you to do? She (the doctor) told me to stay in bed for a few days

Do you enjoy _____?

What _____ to do after university? I’d like to get a job in publishing

Was your father _____ when you told him your exam results? He was furious.

Everyone hopes ____ themselves on holiday but it isn’t always easy

I’d like _____ somewhere different for a change

“My mother was so helpful while she was staying with us. What _____ to do?

When we arrived, the people next door invited us _____ a drink with them.

They prefer _____ in a swimming pool all day

He told me he loved me. I didn’t know what _____.

We decided _____ a house with a swimming pool.

We began _____ about next year’s holiday two months ago

A woman from a travel agency helped us _____ a nice house

I’ve spent _____ money this week! I don’t know where it’s all gone

My wife and I are starting _____ we should stay at home.

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