Conditional sentences in English in practice

English Conditional Sentences (with examples!)

Understanding and Testing Your Knowledge of Conditional Sentences in English

Conditional sentences in English are used to express a condition and its possible consequences. There are several types of conditional sentences that help convey different conditions and their outcomes. Let’s examine each type separately:

Zero Conditional:

  • Usage: Used to express general facts that are always true.
  • Structure: Present Simple in both parts of the sentence.
  • Example: If water reaches 100 degrees Celsius, it boils.

First Conditional:

  • Usage: Used to express possible future events that depend on specific conditions.
  • Structure: Present Simple in the condition and Future Simple in the consequence.
  • Example: If it rains, I’ll stay home.

Second Conditional:

  • Usage: Used to express unreal or unlikely conditions and their possible outcomes.
  • Structure: Past Simple in the condition and “would” + Base Form in the consequence.
  • Example: If I had a million dollars, I would travel the world.

Third Conditional:

  • Usage: Used to express unreal past events and their possible outcomes.
  • Structure: Past Perfect in the condition and “would have” + Past Participle in the consequence.
  • Example: If she had studied harder, she would have passed the exam.

These types of conditional sentences help convey various types of conditions and their possible consequences in English. Understanding and using these constructions correctly is crucial for effective communication in the English language.

Now, armed with this theoretical knowledge, you can proceed to the test questions and choose the correct answers based on these principles.

Conditional Sentences Usage Test: Check Your Knowledge

English Conditional Sentences (with examples!)

Practice. English Test on Conditional Sentences Type 1, 2 and 3

If I had time, ______ see the new film at the cinema

You wouldn’t ______ your car if you had driven more carefully

If you needed the money, I ______ it to you.

If I fail the exam, I ______ it again

If I ______ a lot of money, I’d take a long holiday

I’m going out. If the phone ______, please answer it.

If she ______, she usually does well on the tests.

I ______ to you if you don’t come

If you mix yellow and blue, you ______ green.

If I ______ out, I’ll buy a newspaper

I don’t have much money so I can’t travel. If I ______ a lot of money, I ______ travel.

I ______ the car if I had the right tools.

I’ll go to the park if it ______ cold

If I ______ a bird, I could fly home

I usually take some aspirin if I ______ a headache.

A: I smoke too much.

B: If I ______ you, I ______ smoke at all.

I’ll help him if he ______.

If the weather were nice, I ______ to the beach

I’ll stay home if it ______.

If I ______ time, I could go with you

Your score is


In this article, we have explored the fundamental types of conditional sentences in the English language and their usage. Conditional sentences aid in expressing various conditions and their potential consequences in language. It is crucial to comprehend when to use each type of conditional sentence as they allow for precise and clear expression of thoughts and ideas.

The zero conditional is employed for general facts, the first type for potential future events, the second type for unreal conditions, and the third type for unreal past events. Each of these types possesses its characteristics and structure, which should be adhered to when crafting sentences.

Understanding conditional sentences enhances communication skills in the English language and enables a more precise and concise expression of conditions and their outcomes. Therefore, the study and practice of conditional sentences constitute an essential part of mastering the English language.

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